Kong Koan Archief

VRIENDEN VAN HET

 KONG KOAN ARCHIEF
(The Archives of the Chinese Council in Batavia/Jakarta)

Many centuries before the Dutch came to the East Indies in 1596, Chinese traders, craftsmen and even farmers had already settled in the coastal area of Java and other parts of the archipelago. Some 400 of them were living in the old Jacatra, when in 1619 J.P. Coen, the then Governor General for the Dutch East Indian Company (VOC), destroyed the township and established his new stronghold: Batavia. To maintain contact with the Chinese settlement, Coen appointed a headman, later to be called captain of the Chinese as a go-between as well as an administrator and arbitrator for the internal affairs of this community. Similarly, Chinese officers with titles varying from major to lieutenant were later appointed throughout the Dutch East Indies. In some of the larger cities these officers functioned collectively as Chinese Council or Kong Koan.

The archives of these Kong Koans, some dating back to the 18th century, must have contained a rich fund of demographical, economic, legal and other information relating to the Chinese in the Dutch East Indies. Unfortunately, these were destroyed or otherwise lost in the 1930s when the institution of Chinese officers ceased to exist. With one fortunate exception, since the Kong Koan of the former Batavia somehow continued to function right up to the 1960s. By then, it was merely serving as an administrative office for Chinese burial grounds and other properties, but its original archives had been preserved and for the last twenty years or more lay forgotten in the old Chinese quarter of Jakarta. Recently, however, they were rediscovered, albeit in a condition of severe neglect. They have now been entrusted to Leiden University and are stored in the Sinological Institute under the care of Pro. Dr. L. Blussé.

The Kong Koan archives of Batavia/Jakarta are a valuable mine of as yet unexplored data of more than just historical interest. The study of these archives will reveal accounts of the fate and fortunes of the Chinese in the former Dutch East Indies, contributing to our understanding of interracial relations-economic, social and psychological-in the past as well as in present-day Indonesia.

Recently, a foundation named friends of Kong Koan Archives Foundation has been established to support research into this cultural heritage, which should be made fully accessible for the benefit of present and future generations with an interest in S.E. Asia and the overseas Chinese.

The Friend of Kong Koan Archives aims to promote and advance scientific studies based on the material contained in these archives, as well as in other sources. To this end, in collaboration with Leiden University, it will also initiate and fund activities directed towards collecting and preserving further material relevant to the history and culture of the Chinese of Indonesia, e.g. books, photographs, genealogies and other family documents. In this way a large collection can be built up, the Kong Koan archives forming the nucleus,

The Friends of Kong Koan has made a public appeal for financial support.  For further information, contact:

Mr. H.S. Liem
Secretary
Vrienden van het Kong Koan Archief
Antonie Duyckstraat 123
2582 TG Den Haag
The Netherlands
Tel/Fax: 070-3557098
Website: http://www.kongkoan.org

The following is the list of the Kong Koan documents in Dutch. Please refer to Sources on OC  in the Chinese version of the WCILOCS web page for the list of the Kong Koan documents in Chinese.
INVENTARIS
KONGKOAN ARCHIEF
(Nederlandse en Maleise stukken)

1. Algemene zaken
2. Immigratie
3. Financien
4. Grondbezit
5. Notulen
6. Huweljjk
7. Begrafenis
8. Onderwijs
9. Bouwtekeningen
10.   Maleise stukken
11.   Alderhande stukken

1. Algemene zaken
1) Agenda Kongkoan    6 stukken
1946-1947
1947-1948
1948-1949
1949-1950
1949
1950-1953

     2) Alderhande verklaringen       3

 1940
1940-1949
1949

3) Werkvergunning    3

 1941.7-8
1941.9-10
1941.11-12

4) Bouwvergunning    2

1934-1936
1938-1941

5) Identiteitsverklaring    6

1917-1918
1940(2)
1941
1941-1942(2)

6) Correspondentie en andere dokumenten 8

1942(3)
1946
1948-1949
1950-1958
1950-1959
1956-1958

7) Lijst wijkmeesters    1
8) Lego formulieren      1

2. Immigratie
1) Registratie Immigratiedienst    20

1913-1945
1946
1947
1947.5
1947.9
1947.10
1947.11
1947.12
1948(2)
1949.1-2
1949.3
1949.4
1949.5
1949.6-7
1949.8
1949.9
1949.10
1949.11
1951-1955

2) Verbkuhfsvergunning    8

1850-1900
1867-1899
1870-1888
1947(5)

3) Bevolkingsregister    3

1911-1922
1912
1915

3. Financien

      1) Kasboeken     35

1900
1914-1932
1918
1924-1927
1928
1929-1930
1932
1932-1934
1935-1937(2)
1938
1938-1939
1940-1942(2)
1942-1945
1942-1946
1943-1946
1946-1949(2)
1949
1950-1951(2)
1952-1952
1952-1959
1954-1955
1956-1957(2)
1957
1958
1958-1959
1959
1960
1961
1964(2)

2) Andere rekeningen    30

 1931
1933-39
1936-1937
1937
1938
1941
1942-1943
1942-1944
1943
1943-1944
1944-1945
1945
1945-1946
1945-1954
1946-1947
1949(3)
1950-1956
1953-1973
1954-1955
1958
1960-1961
1962
1962-1963

3) Betalingsbewijzen   7

1949
1951
1952
1953
1953
1957
1959

4. Grondbezit

       1) Landverhuur     4

1934-1941
1935-1937
1940-1942
1952-1954

2) Eigendomsakte, etc.    11

1929-1939
1938-1940
1945(2)
1950
1952
1954
1958
1960
1961
1974

3) Kasboek land Chinese Raad   5

1937
1938
1939
1940
1942

5. Notulen       17

       1) Notulen

1909-1911
1911-1914
1915-1917
1917-1922
1922-1929
1930-1941
1931-1932
1950-1952
1950-1957
1950-1958
1952-1953
1952-1954
1954-1955
1954-1958
1956-1959
1958-1963
1964

6. Huwelijk      7

       1) Huwelijk

1889-1912
1892
1914

2) Echtscheiding

1914
1937-1941
1940-1941
1943

7. Begrafenis      5

1930-1935
1934
1942-1944
1944-1945
1942-1948

8. Onderwijs      14

1) Chinese scholen

1937
1940-1942

2) Chinese kranten

1886
1887
1889
1890
1891
1929

9. Bouwtekeningen     7

1916
1950-1952

10. Maleise stukken     28

1910-1912
1913-1943
1914
1914-1915
1918
1938-1948
1940
1940-1947
1941
1942
1943
1943-1954
1944(3)
1947
1950
1951-1962
1952-1953
1952-1962
1954
1955-1956
1960
1961
1967-1968
1970
1973-1974
1975-1977

11. Varia       96

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